Over the past two fiscal years, immigration case times have increased by 46 percent. This is according to research from the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA). One possible outcome is that skilled employees from foreign countries may not want to work in Indiana or other states throughout the country. In some cases, those who are seeking an H-1B visa could wait more than a year before hearing back regarding their eligibility.
Individuals from India who want to obtain a green card so that they can stay in Indiana or other states face the longest wait times compared to migrants from other countries. The reason for this is a quota system that caps the number of green cards given to each country at 7 percent of the total. This is despite the fact that Indians make up about 80 percent of all employment-based applicants. An independent congressional research group says this problem could be eliminated by simply removing the cap.
Proposed legislation in the U.S. House of Representatives, named the Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act, may place per-country caps on visas for immigrants wishing to work in Indiana and other states. According to authors of the bill, the goal of this legislation is to create fairer wait times and reduce the green card backlog, especially for Indian and Chinese foreign nationals. A result of this change may mean increased backlogs and wait times for applicants from all other nations.
One of the major work visa programs here in the U.S. is the H-1B program. Under this program, employers can seek out temporary work visas for specialty workers from other countries that they wish to have work in their U.S. operations. Recently, the federal government issued a proposed rule that would make some changes to the application process for this program.